关于万圣节你不能不知道的8件事!

2017-11-17编辑: Hosea来自: 互联网

  只顾过节不顾了解?万圣节是哪一天?名字是怎么来的?起源是什么?都有哪些节日习俗和庆祝活动?有什么标志性的人和物?必备的食物有什么?赶紧来看看下面的内容,给自己扫扫盲吧!


  1.Halloween or Hallowe'en is a yearly celebration observed in a number of countries on Oct. 31, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day.

  万圣节是于西方基督教圣徒日前夜10月31日庆祝的一个节日。

  2.The name Halloween comes from a contraction of All Hallows Eve (Evening), the day before All Hallows Day. It was originally celebrated to honor the dead.

  Halloween就是All Hallows' Eve的缩写,All Hallows Eve 是All Hallows Day (圣徒日)的前一天晚上,这个节日起初是用来纪念死者的。

  3.Dressing up in costumes is one of the most popular Halloween customs, especially among children. According to traditions, people would dress up in costumes (wear special clothing, masks or disguises) to frighten the spirits away.

  Dressing up in costumes是最受欢迎的万圣节风俗之一,尤其受孩子们的欢迎。按照传统习俗,人们会dress up in costumes(穿戴一些特別的服裝,面具或者装饰)来吓跑鬼魂。

  4.Popular Halloween costumes include vampires (creatures that drink blood), zombies, witches, centaurs, ghosts (spirits of the dead) and werewolves (people that turn into wolves when the moon is full).

  流行的万圣节装扮包括vampires(吸血鬼),zombies (僵尸),witches (女巫),centaurs(半人马),elves (精灵),ghosts(亡魂)和werewolves(每当月圆时就变成狼的狼人)。

  5.Trick or Treat is a modern Halloween custom where children go from house to house dressed in costume, asking for treats like candy or toys. If they don't get any treats, they might play a trick (mischief or prank) on the owners of the house.

  Trick or Treat 是现代万圣节的风俗,孩子们穿着千奇百怪的化妆服走街串巷,讨取糖果和玩具之类的赏赐。如果他们得不到任何的赏赐,就可能会对屋主大搞恶作剧或者胡闹了。

  6.The tradition of the Jack o' Lantern comes from a folktale about a man named Jack who tricked the devil and had to wander the Earth with a lantern. The Jack o' Lantern is made by placing a candle inside a hollowed-out pumpkin, which is carved to look like a face.

  Jack o' Lantern 的传统来自一个民间传说。一个名叫Jack的人戏弄了恶魔,之后就不得不提着一盏灯在地球上流浪。Jack o' Lantern是用雕刻成脸型,中间挖空,再插上蜡烛的南瓜做成的。

  7.Typical festive Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, attending costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o'-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, visiting haunted attractions, playing pranks, telling scary stories, and watching horror films.

  万圣节常见的庆祝活动有trick-or-treating (不款待就捣乱)、参加化妆舞会、雕刻南瓜灯、点燃篝火、咬苹果、参观闹鬼旅游胜地(即类似鬼屋等用来吓人的娱乐场所)、讲鬼故事、观看恐怖电影。

  8.List of food associated with Halloween:

  万圣节相关食物:

  Barmbrack (Ireland) 葡萄干面包

  Bonfire toffee (Great Britain) 太妃糖

  Monkey nuts (peanuts in their shells) (Scotland and Ireland) 落花生

  Caramel apples 焦糖苹果

  Caramel corn 焦糖玉米

  Colcannon (Ireland; see below) 马铃薯卷心菜泥

  Novelty candy shaped like skulls, pumpkins, bats, etc.

  骨头、南瓜、蝙蝠等奇形怪状的糖果

  Pumpkin, pumpkin pie, roasted pumpkin seeds 南瓜、南瓜派、烤南瓜子

  Roasted sweet corn 烤玉米

  Soul cakes 小圆面包/蛋糕

  Scary Faced Pizza 外形恐怖的披萨

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